Carmanah And Her Hereditary Guardians: A narrative account by HIS-TAH-TOO-QUAH (1992)

In July 1984 while camping with my parents Frank and Susan Knighton, my father told my wife Monique and I the story of how we, the hereditary guardians of Carmanah, came not only to own and use this place but to occupy it as the centre of our homeland.

In years gone by there was a Black Face Dance help at Tattoosh Island.  This was the permanent home of out very very long ago ancestors.  Tattoosh Island is just off Cape Flattery, the northernmost point of the Olympic Peninsula in what is known as Washington State, directly across the Straight of Juan de Fuca from Carmanah on the southwest coast of what is now known as Vancouver Island.  In those very ancient times Carmanah and other points of both sides of the waters were owned by our family and used in the cyclic pattern of the life of out people

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Excerpts from Between Ports Alberni and Renfrew: Notes on West Coast Peoples by E. Y. Arima (1991)

Southeastern West Coast Place Names:

The West Coast of Vancouver Island is often thought to be oriented north and south, at least by those at a distance, but generally lies more northwest and southeast, and in the Ditidaht-Pacheedaht sector is closer to an east-west direction than north-south.  A number of place names have been recorded for the southeastern part of the West Coast from Race Rocks near Victoria to Cape Beale, the immediate informants being Charles Jones (CJ) backed by his wife Ida (IJ), Jasper Peters (JP), Joshua Edgar (JE), Bernice Touchie (BT) and John Thomas (JT) who also checked renderings.

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